Tuesday, May 26, 2020

The Biggest Myth About Term Papers Writing Services to Avoid Exposed

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Friday, May 15, 2020

Movie Review Happy Gilmore - 1606 Words

The movie â€Å"Happy Gilmore† is about a hard-working hockey player who becomes a professional golfer after realizing his talents in golf and in order to earn money to buy back his grandmother’s house that had been repossessed by the IRS. â€Å"Happy Gilmoreâ€Å" although a comedic movie, can be analyzed and related to specific psychological concepts. â€Å"Happy Gilmore† exemplifies the frustration- aggression principle as Happy misses his shots, Shooter McGavin demonstrates a narcissistic personality disorder throughout the movie, and finally, Happy exhibits social facilitation as he performs better in the presence and support of a cheering crowd. Ever since the beginning of â€Å"Happy Gilmore†, Happy has trouble controlling his actions in times of anger.†¦show more content†¦In psychology terms, this is called the frustration- aggression principle. The frustration- aggression principle explains that as someone experiences frustration, they create anger within themselves which then can result in aggressive actions if there is a lack of self control (Myers 2011, p. 673). In Happy’s case, he came frustrated by various things including his relationship, failure in hockey, and his inability to initially save his grandmother’s house. This frustration turned into anger which then spiraled into aggressive events after he realized that he was incapable of immediately fixing his problems. However, the frustration- aggression principle does not promise aggressive actions after every frustration. Depending on the individual and even the temperature, individuals respond to their frustrations in different ways. During hotter temperatures, people react on their aggression more frequently than during colder temperatures (Myers 2011, p. 673). This directly relates to Happy, because although Happy is a naturally aggressive person, Happy is out golfing in the summer heat for most of the entire movie. Being out in the hot temperatures may not have caused the aggressive actions, but the temperature may have assisted in Happy’s decision to act out on his anger every time he became frustrated. Also, Happy may have developed his aggressive tendencies because of a lack of parenting.Show MoreRelatedMarketing , Customer values and the Interrelationship Between them1456 Words   |  6 Pagescustomers the best experience whilst the whole screening of the movie (Village Cinemas, 2013). The concept of marketing has constantly been evolving over the past years that there is no specific and precise way to define marketing. Thus, many different marketing definitions emerged and challenged other marketing perspectives. The first official marketing definition was developed by the American Marketing Association (AMA) (Gamble, Gilmore, McCartan-Quinn Durkan, 2011). The AMA (1960, as cited in KotlerRead MoreSubway Is Testing A New Rebranding Campaign1476 Words   |  6 Pagesrestaurants are located in schools, malls, gas stations, airports and even zoos. In 1995, the Subway began its journey towards becoming a major supporter of motorsports. In 1996, www.subway.com was launched and was featured multiple times in the movie â€Å"Happy Gilmore† (3). In 1999, an article was written about an overweight college student who lost a large amount of weight eating nothing but Subway sandwiches (1). A Chicago based Subway location picked up the weight loss story and ran the first televisedRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pages1 1 Introduction What Is Organizational Behavior? 3 The Importance of Interpersonal Skills 4 What Managers Do 5 Management Functions 6 †¢ Management Roles 6 †¢ Management Skills 8 †¢ Effective versus Successful Managerial Activities 8 †¢ A Review of the Manager’s Job 9 Enter Organizational Behavior 10 Complementing Intuition with Systematic Study 11 Disciplines That Contribute to the OB Field 13 Psychology 14 †¢ Social Psychology 14 †¢ Sociology 14 †¢ Anthropology 14 There Are Few Absolutes inRead MoreThe Five Dysfunctions of a Team a Leadership Fable46009 Words   |  185 Pagesreasoned. So in spite of her talent and accomplishments, it was no surprise to Kathryn that Mikey was the least popular among the rest of the staff. With the possible exception of Martin. MARTIN—CHIEF TECHNOLOGIST A founder of the company, Martin Gilmore was the closest thing that DecisionTech had to an inventor. He had designed the original specs for the company’s ï ¬â€šagship product, and although others had done much of the actual product development, the executives often said that Martin was theRead MoreMarketing Communication in the Hospitality Industry34407 Words   |  138 Pagesbrands, and form fellowship both inside and outside the organization. Gabriel (2000, p.1) explains that: â€Å"Good stories are valuable; they can hardly be mass produced.† People can easier tie themselves to stories. One example is ICA’s advertising movie that is delivered as a real life story and that has gained large success. Mossberg and Nissen- Johansen (2006) argue that storytelling has become a utilized concept, especially in the field of service marketing. Grà ¶nroos (2000) explains that theRead MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words   |  922 PagesMikael Andersson/Nordic Photos/Getty Images; Figure 2.3  © Sean Justice/The Image Bank/ Getty Images; Figure 2.4  © Bruce Hands/Stone/Getty Images; 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, and 3.5 based on Human relations: rare, medium, or well-done? in Harvard Business Review Vol. 26 No. 1 Harvard Business School Publishing (Roethlisberger, F. J. 1948); Figure 3.6 Courtesy of ATT Archives and History Center, Warren, NJ; Figure 4.1 The Trustees of the Imperial War Museum, London; Figure 4.2 adapted from Performance evaluation

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Is Corporal Punishment A Common Parenting Approach

1. Provide a brief overview of the topic. Why do you think the speaker chose to focus on this topic? I believe the speaker chose to focus on this topic because it seems as if corporal punishment is a common parenting approach, with over 70% of families participating. The speaker wants to introduce and convince families to a better parenting style. Holden presents a paradoxical argument that the way to empower children and parents is to disempower parents. He touches on the subject of corporal punishment and its unintended side effects. He transitions from speaking about a â€Å"traditional† parenting orientation, to what he considers a better option, â€Å"positive† parenting. He goes into further detail in regard to the lite and strong version of â€Å"positive† parenting and its core practices. 2. What were the speaker’s primary talking points? (Describe at least three major ideas that the speaker focused on in his/her talk?) Primarily, Holden focused on discrediting the traditional parenting approach by speaking on unsearched, negative effects of spanking children, considering the approach to be parent-based, and using negative connotations with words such a slapping and physical-abuse. Secondly, he spoke on the â€Å"revolution of positive parenting†. He considers this approach to be empowering for children and better for families. He lightly touches on the negative of effects of this parenting and how unstudied it is, but continues to elaborate on how â€Å"promising† it is. In closing,Show MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Corporal Punishment On Children932 Words   |  4 PagesChildren and Corporal Punishment Punishing children has been one of the most controversial parenting topics this generation has seen. Physical punishment or corporal punishment is simple defined as the use of physical force with the purpose of initiating pain, but not wound, to teach the proper behavior of a child. Corporal punishment has been used for many centuries in schools and in homes but the use of such techniques have since decreased and are not being used in many places today. EvidenceRead MoreThe Laws Regarding Corporal Punishment1704 Words   |  7 PagesStraus (2001) defined corporal punishment as an act carried out with the intention of causing a child to experience physical pain, but not injury, for purposes of correction or control (as cited in Straus Paschall, 2009, p.459). Two of the most prominent and widespread kinds of corporal punishment include slapping and spanking (Straus Paschall, 2009, p. 459-460). This paper will analyze the laws regarding corporal punishment in many countries, the d evelopmental theories such as the behavioralRead MoreNegative Effects Of Corporal Punishment1843 Words   |  8 PagesIt is a common enough scene, something you have probably experienced with your own children countless times. They are being loud, fighting, or just generally doing something they are not supposed to be doing. So you spank them. Maybe even yell. You’re frustrated, at your whit’s end. You just want them to stop, want them to learn and make better choices. Only, after spanking them, their behavior worsens. The effect you thought spanking them would have is not working. They act out more, get more aggressiveRead MoreAn Interesting Approach to Parenting in To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee716 Words   |  3 Pages In the novel To Kill a mockingbird by Harper Lee, Atticus Finch takes an interesting approach(compared to other means in the era) to parenting his mischievous children, Jem and Scout Finch. Such methods include; never sheltering anything by alw ays being honest, allowance of free will, and the lack of corporal punishment. Since these characters drive the plot, it is clear that the course of events is only possible with Atticus’s influence. In the 1930’s, and definitely still today, parents willRead MoreSpanking A Child Is Wrong And Harmful1413 Words   |  6 Pagesdiscipline, mild discipline, or no discipline at all. No matter how a parent disciplines their children, there will be complications in a home, but when parents can no longer be â€Å"parents† due to others trying to step in and control their style of parenting, that is where a problem comes up. There are people who think that spanking a child is wrong and harmful to the child, and will harm the child psychologically as well. There are people who believe that the only way to influence good behavior is toRead MoreDevelopment of Antisocial Behavior in Children Essay1819 Words   |  8 Pagesopportunities. Besides all the good impact parents have on their children, depending on the the parenting style, parents may establish behavioral problems such as internalizing problems (anxiety, depression) and externalizing problems (aggression and antisoci al behavior) in their children. There are a lot of empirical supports from longitudinal studies which shows that there is a connection between negative parenting (which involves showing negative emotions toward their kids, rough treatments, or even harshRead MoreDisciplining Your Child Is The Lifestyle, And Parental Guidance3421 Words   |  14 Pageswith society. Although society wants children to be respectful and hold responsibility, some children are being taught by the community to retaliate and be disrespectful towards people. In the United States, the most common forms of discipline are spanking, time-outs, and punishments, which provide parents and children with confirmation, security, and order. Children are easily influenced by behavior, and if you teach your child negative behaviors, they will consume that concept, and it could beRead MoreCorporal Punishment in Children; Right or Wrong2663 Words   |  11 Pages{text:bookmark-start} Corporal Punishment with Children: Right or Wrong {text:bookmark-end} ? How properly to discipline a child is an age old question. Countless numbers of parents have had to make this decision. Many of these parents were raised in homes that used spanking as the main form of discipline. Most people can readily recount each time he, or she received a spanking for an offense, and even remember what kind of instrument was used to inflict the punishment. Whether it was a belt, aRead MoreThe Impact Of Parenting Styles On A Child s Development2645 Words   |  11 PagesMelanie Santos Final Reflection Research Paper PSYC 215 - Dr. Bagshaw The significant impact different parenting styles can have on a child’s development intrigued me and prompted my self reflection of how my immigrant parents parenting practices affected my development. From my experience, I believe immigrant parents are more likely to display authoritarian versus authoritative parenting styles. â€Å"Studies have shown that parents of individualistic cultures (i.e. western cultures) are more likelyRead MoreThe Incident Between Adrian Peterson And His Four Year Old Son From The Son s Perspective2072 Words   |  9 Pagesundeserved pain and suffering. There is disagreement as to whether the problems with physical punishment are problems with frequent and/or harsh punishment or whether problem also exist with infrequent and mild level of punishment. This paper will look at the upbringing of Peterson and the incident and negative effects this incident had on his son. Parents have a wide discretion to administer reasonable punishment of their children. A parent may spank a child who has misbehaved without being liable

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Social Determinants and Public Health Programmes

Question: Discuss about the Social Determinants and Public Health Programmes. Answer: Introduction: Carla is honest, hardworking, brave, sacrificing, consistent, confident and kind person. Carla maintained her honest relationship with her husband in his down period, even though he left her alone when she required his support more. She is very hardworking, as she never gave up doing job. She faced many obstacles while doing different jobs. Still, she searched new jobs at each time and earned living for herself and her children. Carla is brave because she never left fighting spirit. Carla is very kind to each and every individual she comes across. She accepted each individuals negative characters and behaved positively with each and every person. Carla is ready to sacrifice her personal happiness for the family members. She left eating proper food to save money for the purpose of visiting her daughter. Carla is consistent in her efforts to take her of her family members. Carla is confident because she took care of family on her own. Overall, Carla has all the positive characters. Car las husband is dishonest, opportunistic, introvert and fearful. Carlas husband is dishonest in his relations. He performed his duties for the family, when it suited for him. He didnt take extra efforts to look after his family. He is introvert and didnt open to anybody about his injury. He is fearful because he didnt open to about his injury in the fear of losing his job (Gehlert and Browne, 2011). Social Determinants of Health: Personal, social, economic and environmental factors which affect health of the individual person are called health determinants. In this case study, mainly three social determinants like social factors, individual behavior and biology affects health of different individual in this case study. Carla couldnt get proper education because her family was not educated. Hence, she couldnt get job in the higher position. As, a result she was doing temporary jobs to meet the daily needs of her family. Build environment of the working place for her husband gave him head injury. Build environment is one of the physical components of social factor. Due to this factor, her husband got serious head injury and depression. Public transport is also one of the physical factors responsible for health related issues. Due to high cost of the public transport, Carla couldnt visit her daughter and take care of her. This might lead to further detoriation of health of her daughter. Moreover, as she is pregn ant, it can affect health of infant also (Marmot and Wilkinson, 2005; Toba et al., 2011). As, Carla and her husband were not educated, they couldnt provide proper education to their children. Hence, their socio-economic status of living was low. People living in the low socio-economic level are low in functioning and quality of life. These people are not aware of the importance of hygiene and good health. As these people need to work, despite poor health to earn daily living for the family. It can lead to the further detoriation of the health. Carlas husband also didnt stopped working despite head injury and it resulted in the serious problem for himself and his family also. It is evident from the literature that, people with low socioeconomic status are low in health status. Individual behavior is another social determinant affecting health in this case study. Carlas husband detoriated his health due to his personal behavior like introvert nature. He didnt report his injury due to fear of losing health and resulted in the serious problem. Daughter of Carla was facing health issues due to biological reasons. She is facing gestational diabetes problem. Gestational diabetes is very common problem in the pregnant women and these women should control it otherwise it can affect health of both mother and baby. In this case, Carlas daughter was feeling tired due gestational diabetes and seek help from Carla (Braveman and Gottlieb, 2014; Cowling et al., 2014). Two Strategies to Address the Issue: Social factors of the health determinant should be addressed by the population which gets affected. Individuals of this population should identify the factors affecting their health and try to address on their own, with family members, community workers and social workers. Policy makers, legislators and officials from health department should identify issues and educate the population. They should address these issues through meetings with people and through workshops. Respected figures and well-known personalities of the society should come forward and address these issues. Because these people have good influence on all types people in the society People should be skilled enough to keep away from the unhealthy environment. This knowledge and skills can be developed in the people through community development programmes. There should be communication between the high and low socioeconomic class people. It would help to transfer awareness about the healthy life. Health related issues generally occur due to the multiple factors, hence these issues should be addressed by experts and workers from the different discipline. These collaborative efforts would bring positive changes in the multiple sectors and there would be overall improvement in the health of the whole population. Government and Non-Government organizations should come forward to improve health awareness among the people (WHO, 2010; Raphael, 2014). Addressing upstream social determinants of health : There should be knowledge about the building so that it would not affect health of the people. People should form self-help group for cleanliness of the environment, maintain hygiene, adequate food and supply of good water. Policies required for the improvement in the community health and development should be implemented effectively. Barriers for accessing health facilities should be improved. There should be equal distribution about the health care education among all classes of people. There should be preventive measures taken from the health department to prevent communicable diseases. Education should be provided to protect people from hazards in the workplace and society (Tengland, 2012; Cowling et al., 2014). Healthcare professional should give education to the people about maintaining hygiene condition and healthy food. Healthcare professional also should work towards the community safety. Healthcare professional should work towards the easy availability and accessibility of medicine to the all classes of people. Health professional also should advise community people to do exercise for healthy living. Healthcare professionals should carry out survey about the community health issues and implement strategies to address these issues. Healthcare professionals should guide the policy makers about the policies to be implemented for the improvement in the social and community health services. Healthcare professionals should advocate pro-health policies like maintenance policies, education policies, employment policies, compensation policies and tax policies. Healthcare professionals should use audio and video media effectively to address the health issues and make aware people about healthy l iving. There should be incorporation of social determinants in the medical curricula. It should comprises of population and community health coursework along with the clinical science. Healthcare professionals should address social determinants of health at both individual and population level. Healthcare professionals should collaborate with other allied health professionals, government agencies, community workers and social workers. Every hospital should designate a specialist person to address the social determinants of the health (Schofield, 2015). References: Braveman, P., and Gottlieb, L. (2014). The Social Determinants of Health: It's Time to Consider the Causes of the Causes. Public Health Reports, 129(2), 1931. Cowling, K., Dandona, R., and Dandona, L., (2014). Social determinants of health in India: progress and inequities across states. International Journal for Equity in Health, 13, p. 88. Marmot, M. and Wilkinson, R. (2005). Social Determinants of Health. OUP Oxford. Gehlert, S., and Browne, T. (2011). Handbook of Health Social Work. John Wiley Sons. Raphael, D. (2014). Beyond policy analysis: The raw politics behind opposition to healthy public policy. Health Promotion International, 30, 38096. Schofield, T., (2015). A Sociological Approach to Health Determinants. Cambridge University Press. Toba, B., Dennis, R., Ted, S., and Ronald, L. (2011). Canada: A land of missed opportunity for addressing the social determinants of health. Health Policy, 101(1), pp. 4458. Tengland, P.A. (2012). Behavior Change or Empowerment: On the Ethics of Health-Promotion Strategies. Public Health Ethics, 5(2), pp. 14053. World Health Organization. (2010). Equity, Social Determinants and Public Health Programmes. World Health Organization.

Tuesday, April 14, 2020

International Law is not really law

International law entails principles and rules that govern relations among countries, individuals, and organisations. It also has public international law that deals specifically with rights among different states and various citizens of different states. On the other hand, private international law looks at disputes among private individuals, natural or juridical, which occur among parties of different nations. In some cases, the line between public and private international laws has become unclear.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on International Law is not really law specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Australia operates under the federal system of laws. This makes its relation to international law a complex affair. Enforcement of international law in Australia has met challenges. However, we must understand that enforcement alone does not determine the extent of what the term law means. This is because, in some cas es, domestic laws may also be unenforceable. In the recent case of Jenton Overseas Investment Pte Ltd v Townsing [2008] VSC 470 (11 November 2008), the Supreme Court of Victoria offered an essential observation of how the uses Foreign Judgement Act 1991 may affect enforcement of international law.1 The Judge turned down an application from a foreign country (Singapore). He observed that Australian courts are reluctant to invoke public policy as an avenue for refusing enforcement or recognition of foreign judgement. Australian courts have not recognised or enforced foreign judgement on this basis. The main reason is the â€Å"interest of comity’ to maintain† (mutual respect among sovereign states) (Foreign Judgment Act 1991). This happens when courts observe the Foreign Judgment Act. In this regard, enforcement and registration are only relevant on the grounds that are ‘significant reciprocity of treatment’ of Australian judgement in a foreign country. The courts also observe this because of public policy volatility. In this sense, a repugnant law may exist or repugnant applications of such laws may occur; thus, offending public policy. However, such cases only occur in crucial cases where there are offenses of laws of Australia public policy. Despite such challenges, Australia wants to enhance enforcement of international law. This is an attempt to understand various laws from different nations, legal procedures, and institutions in areas of international laws. Australia planned to enhance this approach through establishing institutions, training, and legal exchanges. In the international front, Australia has signed several treaties relating to international law on areas of social security, trade, shipping, security, non-proliferation, and defence among others. These treaties form the basis of international law. However, the country experiences challenges in enforcing such laws due to its federal system.Advertising Looking for e ssay on international relations? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The federal system provides an opportunity for opposing parties to opt for arbitral laws instead of relying on Model Law based on the International Commercial Arbitration of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL). This is a significant source of challenge to application of international law in Australia where various laws of different nations interact. Another source of a challenge lies in the appeal or review powers of different states with regard to Commercial Arbitration Acts. Recent trends also indicate the process is litigious and reflect those of court processes. These technical issues make application of international law in Australia difficult. In 2009, the federal government of Australia has realised such technical, legal challenges and consequently introduced a bill so as to change the relevance of international law in the countr y.2 This bill seeks to repeal section 21 of the International Arbitration Act 1974 (Cth). The section has allowed parties to disregard application of Model Law. The bill also seeks to repeal loophole that allow parties to â€Å"nominate an alternative arbitral tribunal† under the International Commercial Arbitration in Australia. This implies that State and Territory laws shall only operate in the domestic cases. This bill shall transform the relevance of international law in Australia as it seeks to eliminate legal challenges that arise from the federal system. The process has also not been so efficient in Australia such as in the area of confidentiality. International law requires states to comply with certain conditions in enforcement with regard to individuals. Thus, it is an offence for a nation to treat a foreigner in a way that violates provisions of the international law. The challenge lies in lack of a relevant agreement that a foreigner can use to complain before th e international tribunal. However, a country can raise such issues. Nations are not under any obligation to enforce such rights. This implies a nation can choose to enforce or not to enforce such law. Such observations lead scholars to conclude that international law is never a law. This is because countries which formulate such international law, through treaties and conventions, do not recognise or treat international law as law in their countries.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on International Law is not really law specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Despite such challenges to international law, we must recognise that the law is applicable and works in all states. Nations must recognise it, and adhere to set benchmarks. In this regard, Australia has recognised its relevancy in areas of peace, development, human rights, and democracy. Australia must comply with such international law so as to safe its self-interes t and on the ground of reciprocity. We can argue â€Å"that the Commonwealth only enters into an international obligation because doing so is relevant, therefore, important to the advancement of the interests of Australia†.3 This is so because Australia needs to address matters of international cooperation and of common concerns. In case Australia fails to fulfil needs of international law, it becomes an issue of international interest and disapproval. In this context, most states observe international law even if such observations are mundane in nature, and have less impact relative to national law. This also explains why Australian lawyers practice international law before domestic courts.4 We cannot ignore functions of courts in enforcement of laws. Australian courts are important in facilitating enactment and enforcement of international law. Thus, Australian courts should not be hostile in enforcement of international law through facilitation, interpretation, and impleme ntation, but should harmonise its law with those of other countries. Other jurisdictions may have high regards of judgements of Australian courts; thus, enhancing enforcement of international law. The sources and evidence of international law Decisions of the United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRC) in cases brought by individuals against Argentina, France and Gabon involving Article 17 issues Article 17 No one shall be subjected to arbitrary or unlawful interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to unlawful attacks on his honour and reputation (UN HCR 1988). Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks (UN HCR 1988). The UN Human Rights Committee (HRC) has Counter-Terrorism Strategy that the General Assembly has recognised in the resolution of 64/297. According to the UN, states terrorist acts can destroy human rights, democracy, and freedom. In addition, such measure may violate or prejudice the rule of law a nd human rights. Thus, observing human rights can address factors responsible for the spread of terrorism. Still, effective counter-terrorism acts and human rights protection are necessary for combating terrorism. As a result, the HRC has â€Å"ten best practices† for combating terrorism. According to HCR, ‘best practices’ reflect legal and institutional provisions that enhance promotion and protection of human rights and the law in all various cases of counter-terrorism.Advertising Looking for essay on international relations? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Best practices also cover benchmarks of the international law, human rights, and all aspects of a country’s legally binding conditions. Best practices can be existing, emerging, required, and recommended among international bodies and domestic courts. Such practices must also relate and promote effective fight against terrorism. Best practices must also comply with human rights, enhance the enjoyment of human rights, and fundamental freedom.5 A UN General Assembly resolution on the right to privacy A UN General Assembly resolution on the right to privacy indicated that International human rights law condoned invasion of privacy where it was mandatory for legal reasons, and performed with agreeable dignity. For instance, in the US (United States v United States District Court, 1972), the Supreme Court ruled that it was illegal to carry out surveillance of a US citizen without a warrant even if the operation benefits a nation’s national security. However, in reference to ICCPR Article 17, invading individual’s privacy without a warrant is tantamount to interference with an individual’s privacy the law does not allow; thus, such actions are unlawful. A general comment by the UN HRC on Article 17 A general comment by the UN HRC on Article 17 is in General Comment No. 16 (04/08/1988). It has provisions on the right to â€Å"respect of privacy, family, home and correspondence, and protection of honour and reputation† (UN HCR 1988). It protects people against unauthorised or arbitrary interference with individual privacy from the state or other bodies. In this context, every country should uphold the UN HRC provision whether such interferences originate from the state, lawyers, or natural persons. Therefore, countries should enact laws that guard against such interferences so as to protect individual rights. A decision of the Supreme Court of New Zealand, which upheld the compatibility of their law with international human rights st andards A decision of the Supreme Court of New Zealand, which upheld the compatibility of their laws with international human rights standards rely on the provision of the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990. New Zealand observes that such laws have same provisions as those of the Australia law of statutory interpretation. This also applies to Section III of the British Act that needs the court to interpret the law in a way that is compatible with Convention rights. There may be ambiguity in interpretation, but the jurisprudence in New Zealand can provide guidance, in the use of the common legislation in Australia. An article written by Professor George Williams, a leading expert on anti-terror laws Professor George Williams, a leading expert on anti-terror laws, observed that Australia passed several anti-terror laws after the 9/11 attacks. The country passed at least one anti-terrorism law after every seven weeks. The Professor observed †It would be unthinkable, if not const itutionally impossible, in nations such as the United States and Canada to restrict freedom of speech in the manner achieved by Australia’s 2005 sedition laws†.6 At the same time, Australia also empowered ASIO to detain and interrogate â€Å"non-suspect citizens† for a period of one week. He notes that such approach to anti-terrorism was unique among Australia comparable legal systems. In addition, the country’s Federal Parliamentary committee on intelligence and security also embarked on a mission of reviewing over 40 proposals that seek to increase the country’s intelligence-gathering power. On his view, such tough anti-terrorism laws were unnecessary and draconian. A report published by Human Rights Watch examining New Zealand’s anti-terrorism laws and their compliance with international human rights standards A report published by Human Rights Watch examining New Zealand’s anti-terrorism laws and their compliance with international human rights standards (2010) showed that national security (counterterrorism) measures impacted on the enjoyment of human rights. For instance, in 2007, the police used heavy-handed tactics to arrest suspected terrorists (Maori Terrorism suspects). In this regard, New Zealand has recognised that it has a different constitution from the rest of the world, but was working to enhance provisions of human rights both nationally and internationally. These rights are in the Human Rights Act 1993, and New Zealand Bill of Rights Act of 1990. In 2009, the country noted that provision of human rights was mandatory so as to enhance the country’s credibility and promotes its international reputation. The US had criticised New Zealand for weak counter-terrorism law. In this regard, the country decided to toughen its anti-terrorism law. The Terrorism Suppression Act 2002, according to New Zealand’s Solicitor General was incomprehensible. This means the Court could not prefer terror ism charges against the accused. This is a clear violation of human rights. However, the state still maintained some charges related possession of illegal firearms and grouping among others. In 2010, the state had â€Å"Urewera 18† in custody awaiting trials. This is after three years since the court charged them. In this case, the Appeal Court of New Zealand ruled that the â€Å"Urewera 18† were to face trial without a jury. No one knows the reasons behind such decisions. The police faced criticism for such arrests, but it tries to maintain its dignity through insisting that such suspects must face trial related to organised crimes. Bibliography International Arbitration Amendment Bill 2009 (Cth). Jenton Overseas Investment Pte Ltd v Townsing [2008] VSC 470. Koowarta v Bjelke-Petersen [1982] HCA 27 [13]. Law Society of New South Wales (Young Lawyers), The Practitioner’s Guide to International Law (New South Wales Young Lawyers International Law Committee, 2010) . United Nations Human Rights Council, A/HRC/16/51, [22 December 2010]. Williams, George, ‘A Decade of Australian Anti-Terror Laws’ (2011) 35 Melbourne University Law Review 1137-1175. Footnotes 1 Jenton Overseas Investment Pte Ltd v Townsing [2008] VSC 470. 2 International Arbitration Amendment Bill 2009 (Cth). 3 Koowarta v Bjelke-Petersen [1982] HCA 27 [13]. 4 Law Society of New South Wales (Young Lawyers), The Practitioner’s Guide to International Law (New South Wales Young Lawyers International Law Committee, 2010). 5 United Nations Human Rights Council, A/HRC/16/51, [2010] 6 George Williams, ‘A Decade of Australian Anti-Terror Laws’ (2011) 35 Melbourne University Law Review 1137-1175 This essay on International Law is not really law was written and submitted by user Jonathon Mccall to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Eurasian Milfoil essays

Eurasian Milfoil essays We have the right to swim, fish, water ski and boat in most of the lakes in Minnesota. We have heard for years that in order to keep our lakes beautiful, we must all take responsibility in keeping them clean. We know not to put garbage in the lakes, but how many of us know about the garbage we should not take out of the lakes? Eurasian watermilfoil is a particularly problematic exotic aquatic weed in North America, due to its ability to reproduce from fragments and spread rapidly. It also has a high growth rate in a range of temperatures and environmental conditions. Its tendency to reach the surface and form extensive mats of plant at the surface can allow it to shade and out compete native vegetation. Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum) is recognized primarily by its whorls of four feather-like leaves around the stems. Each leaf is finely divided into paired leaflets, typically 12 to 21 pairs per leaf. The number of stems per plant increases as the plant ages. Each individual stem branches several times as it nears the water surface. Dense Eurasian watermilfoil beds usually occur in water between 3 and 12 feet deep, although specimens have been found in up to 30 feet of water. The tops of the milfoil plants, both stems and leaves, often turn red in color. The species is perennial, initiating new growth from over wintering root material each spring. Milfoil is believed to spread from one body of water to another primarily by the introduction of plant fragments. Fragmentation is the principal means of reproduction in this species. A milfoil fragment only a few inches long can form roots and grow into a new plant. Milfoil fragments are most abundant during mid-to-late summer, but can be transported from a lake year round. The second traditional method of reproduction is through asexual reproduction. The mother plant forms underground runners that develop into other plants. These new plants will separat...

Monday, February 24, 2020

Anti-Social Personality Disorder Research Paper

Anti-Social Personality Disorder - Research Paper Example Its treatment includes cognitive behavioral therapy, risperidone, home visiting programs, and skill based programs. In applying the religious and spiritual applications of this disorder, it is possible to apply a more holistic assessment of the disorder, especially for those who consider spiritual and religious beliefs as essential elements to their full recovery. Anti-Social Personality Disorder I. Introduction Antisocial personality disorder is one of the disorders diagnosed by the DSM-IV or the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Disorders as personality disorders. This disorder is largely based on manifestations of personality – personalities which deviate from the normal physiological and mental functions of individuals. The DSM-IV discusses the following criteria for qualifying antisocial personality disorder: evidence of conduct disorder before the age of 15; pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of rights of others since the age of 15, manifesting with atle ast three of the following behavior: failure to conform to social norms in relation to social norms with respect to lawful behaviors, indicated by repeated acts meriting arrest; deceitfulness, marked by repeated lying, use of aliases, tricking others to gain profit or pleasure; impulsiveness; irritability and aggressiveness, with repeated physical fights; reckless disregard for safety of others and of self; consistent irresponsibility, marked by repeated failure to sustain work behavior or honor financial responsibilities; lack of remorse marked by indifference, rationalizing being hurt or mistreated by another (Ogloff, 2006). They are also likely to use aggression and deception to promote their personal interests and to basically get what they want (Porter and Woodworth, 2007). This paper shall discuss the disease in its historical context, as well as current research on its causes. It shall discuss the treatment approaches for this disorder, including the benefits of such treatmen t. It shall also consider research as to the prevention of this illness as well as cross cultural issues pertaining to the topic. Finally, it shall discuss the topic from a Christian worldview perspective, including the disorder’s cause, treatment, and prevention. This topic is being considered with the hope of establishing a clear and comprehensive assessment of the subject matter. II. Historical context In a discussion by Million, et.al., (as cited by Ogloff, 2006), the author set forth that psychopathy is one of the first personality disorders to be recognized in the field of psychiatry. Psychopathy originally referred to personality disorders seen as extreme forms of normal personalities. Practitioners have debated conditions characterized by antisocial behavior with the term manie sans delire coined in the 1700s to specify behavior from humans whose affective faculties have been discredited; critics point out however that it is a term which was useful only in court (Oglo ff, 2006). Throughout the years, various labels have been considered for the condition which has now been known simply as psychopathy. These labels included moral insanity, moral imbecility, degenerative constitution, and psychopathic taint. In the current context, antisocial personality disorder is applied in a much broader context than psychopathy;